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Step by Step SENDMAIL + SMTP AUTH & “Maildir format for Mailbox” Configuration

Sendmail is most popular MTA for mail services. It is an open source which comes with Linux OS.

I am configuring Sendmail on CentOS 6.3 64 bit machine. I have already configured yum on CentOS which I am not covering in this document.

  1. Check, whether server is 64 bit machine or not.

[root@mail01 ~]# getconf LONG_BIT 64

  1. Checking the OS version and Linux kernel used for installation.

[root@mail01 ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release

CentOS release 6.3 (Final)

[root@mail01 ~]# uname -a

Linux mail01.example.com 2.6.32-279.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Jun 22 12:19:21 UTC 2012 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

  1. Install Sendmail on server using yum and checking the installed Sendmail version.

[root@mail01 ~]# yum install sendmail*

[root@mail01 ~]# rpm -qa | grep sendmail

sendmail-cf-8.14.4-8.el6.noarch

sendmail-8.14.4-8.el6.x86_64

  1. I will use M4 language to convert the configuration file from sendmail.mc to sednmail.cf. So install m4 package and check the installed version.

[root@mail01 ~]# yum install sendmail*

[root@mail01 ~]# rpm -qa | grep m4

m4-1.4.13-5.el6.x86_64

  1. The mail configuration files of Sendmail store in /etc/mail directory. The mail configuration file is sendmail.mc which could be edited as per our requirement on mailing server.

Comment the following line so that other system can use this mail server. Otherwise mail will work only on localhost.

From:

DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtp,Addr=127.0.0.1, Name=MTA’)dnl

 To:

dnl # DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtp,Addr=127.0.0.1, Name=MTA’)dnl

  1. Allow the SMTP authentication with secure connection. Uncomment the following lines.

define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS’, `A ‘)dnl

TRUST_AUTH_MECH(`EXTERNAL DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN ‘)dnl

define(`confAUTH_MECHANISMS’, `EXTERNAL DiIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN ‘)dnl

define(`confCACERT_PATH’, `/etc/pki/tls/certs’)dnl

define(`confCACERT’, `/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt’)dnl

define(`confSERVER_CERT’, `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem’)dnl

define(`confSERVER_KEY’, `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem’)dnl

define(`confCLIENT_CERT’, `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem’)dnl

define(`confCLIENT_KEY’, `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem’)dnl

LOCAL_DOMAIN(`example.com’)dnl

I used example.com domain for my mail setup. Here you can provide your domain of mails.

  1. I will create a SSL certificate so that STARTTLS will function. Run the following commands to create a Certificate Authority (CA).

[root@mail01 mail]# mkdir  /etc/pki/tls/certs

[root@mail01 mail]#cd  /etc/pki/tls/certs

[root@mail01 certs]#  openssl req -new -x509 -keyout cakey.pem -out ca-bundle.crt -days 1865

[root@mail01 certs]# openssl req –nodes –new  -x509 -keyout  sendmail.pem –out sendmail.pem –days  1865

[root@mail01 certs]# chmod 600 sendmail.pem

We can verify the content of Certificate.

[root@mail01 certs]# openssl x509 –noout –text –in sendmail.pem

  1. Now start up the saslauth daemon and run the following.

[root@mail01 certs]# /etc/init.d/saslauthd start

[root@mail01 certs]# chkconfig saslauthd on

This command tells SASLv2 to look at the /etc/shadow file for authentication. There are other ways to authenticate but are beyond the scope of this howto. I’ve also read that the saslauth daemon does not support CRAM-MD5 or DIGEST-MD5.

  1. Convert the sendmail.mc file sendmail.cf using m4 language. And restart the Sendmail daemon.

[root@mail01 certs]# cd /etc/mail

[root@mail01 mail]# m4 sendmail.mc > sendmail.cf

[root@mail01 mail]# service sendmail restart

[root@mail01 mail]# chkconfig sendmail on

10.To accept the entry of local hostname Make entry into /etc/mail/local-host-name. Place any domains or hosts that Sendmail will receive mail for. For example, to configure a mail server to accept mail for the domain example.com and the host mail.example.com, add these entries to local-host-names

example.com

mail.example.com

  1. Make entry of your domain into /etc/mail/access file and update database.

Connect:example.com               RELAY

Connect:localhost                       RELAY

Connect:127.0.0.1                       RELAY

  1. Update the access file database.

[root@mail01 mail]# makemap hash access.db < access

  1. By default Sendmail uses Mailbox format into mbox format which performs slower. So for better performance I will use Maildir format. For changing this configuration create a file /etc/procmailrc and add the following entries.

[root@mail01 mail]# vi /etc/procmailrc

ORGMAIL=$HOME/Maildir/

DEFAULT=$HOME/Maildir/

  1. Restart the sendmail service on server.

[root@mail01 mail]# service sendmail restart